Munsab Ali Warsak
براے مہر بانی نیچے رجسٹریشن کلک کریں اور اگر آپ کا ریجسٹریشن ہوئی ہیں تو لوگ ان کلک کریں ، آپ سے گزارش ہیں کہ رجسٹریشن کرنے کے بعد لوگ ان ہوجائے - مدیر اعلٰی منصب علی
Munsab Ali Warsak
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Mountains

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Mountains Empty Mountains

Post by Munsab Ali on Thu Jun 26, 2014 3:19 pm

Mass of land projecting well above its immediate surroundings is mountain. Plate tectonics has shown that mountains are the result of collisions between the plates which form the Earth’s form the Earth’s outer surface layer. Behind while safer rocks surrounding them are worn away. Also some mountains, especially isolated peaks have been elevated above their surroundings because; they are volcanoes, e.g., Mauna Loa in Hawaii or Mount Etna in Italy. There is no fixed boundary at which a hill is regarded as mountain. One criterion is that anything higher than 600 feet above sea level is a mountain but generally a feature is regarded as a mountain if it extends at least 3300 feet above the surrounding land. 

Mounts: 

Most mountains are groups or ranges. Individual mountains in a range are usually referred to as mounts e.g. Mount Wilson, Mount Everest etc.
Types of Mountains:
Fold Mountains 
They arise because the rocks in them have been buckled and crumpled by pressure. Just as a table cloth when pushed along a table wrinkles up into folds, the rocks. Of the earths crust reacts to lateral pressure to form folds. If the pressure is very great, the folds are tightly squeezed into pleats. More pressure sends the pleats rolling over one another. As the pleats rollup, high elevations are formed. Only massive pressures like those resulting from colliding plates can fold and mould rocks into mountains. It is now believed that all big mountains like the Himalayas, the Andes (south America), the Rockies (North America and the Alps (Europe ) were formed by colliding plates. These are fairly young mountains and therefore are called new fold mountains. These haveMountains Fold-mountain
come into being after the continental drift started with the breakup of the supper continent, Pangaea. The old fold mountains were formed in the pr drift era long before the continental masses cave together to form Pangaea. The examples of the type are Aravallis of India, Pennies of Europe and Appalachians of America.
Black Mountains: 
They came into being as a result of vertical earth movements along cracks or faults. Such movement is also cause by the pressure generated by plates. When such vertical earth movements leave a black of high elevation standing between two areas of low elevation, the high land area forms a black mountain. Such mountains are usually step side. Examples of the type are Vosges in France, the Black Forest Mountains in West Germany etc.Mountains Block-mountains
Volcanic Mountains: 
Volcanic mountains are the result of volcanic eruptions when a volcano erupts; the materials that are ejected fall around a hole or crater and build up a mountain. That is roughly conical in shape and has a crater at the top, the examples are; Fujiyama in Japan, Vesuvius in Italy and the Chimborazo and Cotopaxi in South America.Mountains Volcanic-mountains
Residual Mountains: 
Residual mountains are those which are deeply dissected and reduced by weathering and river action that they stand out as skeletons, for example Catskill mountains of New York(USA)Mountains Residual-mountains
Highest Mountains in The World
Mountain
Country
Meters
EverestNepal/Tibet8,848
K-2 (Godwin Austen)Pakistan8,611
KanchenjungaIndia/Nepal8,586
Lhotse INepal/Tibet8,516
Makalu INepal/Tibet8,463
Cho OyuNepal/Tibet8,201
DhaulagiriNepal8,167
Manaslu INepal8,163
Nanga ParbatPakistan8,125
AnnapurnaNepal8,091
GasherbrumPakistan/ China8,068
Broad PeakPakistan/ China8,047
Gosainthan (Shishma Pangma)Tibet8,046
Gasherbrum IIPakistan/ China8,035
Annapurna IINepal7,937
Gyachung KangNepal7,897
Disteghil SarPakistan7,882
HimalchuliNepal7,864
NuptseNepal7,841
Nanda DeviIndia7,824
MasherbrumKashmir7,821
RakaposhiPakistan7,788
Kanjut SarPakistan7,761
KametIndia/Tibet7,756
Namcha BarwaTibet7,756
Gurla MandhataTibet7,728
Ulugh MuztaghTibet7,723
KungurChina7,719
Tirich MirPakistan7,690
Saser KangriIndia7,672
Makalu IINepal7,657
Minyan KonkaChina7,590
Kula KangriBhutan7,554
Chang-tzuTibet7,553
Muztagh AtaChina7,546
Skyang KangriKashmir7,544
Communism PeakTajikistan7,495
Jongsong PeakNepal7,459
Poveda PeakKyrgyzstan7,439
Sia KangriKashmir7,422
Haramosh peakPakistan7,397
Istoro NalPakistan7,388

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Munsab Ali
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